Figure 4.2 Protrusion length investigation under R1 regime Q=1 m³/s with non-constrained BC elevation, 3 cm, 4 cm, 5 cm, 6cm & 7 cm from up to down respectively (grid M3 is employed).

Alternate title: Dairesel Düşülü Bacalarda Hava-Su Karışımının Matematiksel Modellemesi
Uçar, Muhammed.   Necmettin Erbakan University (Turkey) ProQuest Dissertations Publishing,  2021. 28840631.


Citizens’ daily needs such as; transportation, communication, clean water and sewage are supplied with infrastructure systems. Horizontal and vertical expansion in the cities due to the increase in population leads to serious demand for infrastructural improvements. The infrastructure systems in developing cities are required to be designed in a satisfactory capacity to supply the increasing demand for residential and industrial constructions. The districts having insufficient infrastructure systems inevitably confront heavy traffic, flood, air pollution problems, and also having difficulties with the inadequacy of parking area, clear and potable water, communication. The problems may cause social and health problems over time. At this point, it is wished to emphasize that the primary factor of citycivilization development depends on infrastructural systems and it is meaningful to name the engineering field like civil engineering, literally leads civilization. Dropshafts, commonly used in the urban storm and sewage water systems produced generally circular are used for energy dissipation and flow direction control. Aeration is significant for the working principle of the flow in dropshaft and this study is made mainly for this two-phase (air-water) physics of dropshafts. Chanson showed that aeration and energy dissipation is directly linked to each other (2002), but the influencing factors and the action mechanisms of the factors on the phenomena are not discovered entirely. By the comprehension of the factors, more effective dropshafts will be able to design. This study aims to guide the more comprehensive investigation of design factors using Computational Fluid Dynamics-CFD programs. The reasons for the preference of the programs are the cost-effectiveness of material, workmanship and duration relative to hydraulic modelling. The competence of the inputs, outputs and solution system of the CFD code is validated by the comparison of previous hydraulic modelling results.


CFD, Dropshaft, Sewer system, Storm Water System, Two-Phase Flow