Figure 1. Sketch map of the port Laozi on Lake Hongze

항구 수역의 레이아웃을 입증하기 위한 FLOW-3D 소프트웨어

B Pan1

  • and N Belyaev2
    1 Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg, Russia
    pan3.b@edu.spbstu.ru

Abstract

방파제 설계시 항만 내 수역 및 접안 시설에서 중대한 파도 발생을 배제 할 필요가 있다. 이 기사는 항구 지역의 물 이동 계산 결과를 제시합니다. 항구 입구의 위치와 주어진 물체의 크기에 대한 가장 안전한 옵션이 확인되었습니다. FLOW – 3D 프로그램을 사용하여 항구 수역의 예비 배치 단계에서 계획되고 건설적인 솔루션을 선택할 가능성이 입증되었습니다.

Introduction

항구를 설계 할 때 계류선의 가장 합리적인 구성과 항구 수역의 레이아웃을 선택하여 항구의 영토를 배치하는 것이 필요합니다. 러시아 연방의 항구 수역 배치는 항구 수역 요소에 대한 사양을 포함하는 해로, 페어웨이 및 기동 구역에 대한 설계 표준의 요구 사항에 따라 수행됩니다 [1, 2].

항구 물은 파도, 퇴적물 축적 및 얼음으로부터 보호되어야 합니다. 항구 계획을 작성할 때, 선박의 기동 및 연안 계류 중뿐만 아니라 선적 및 하역 및 기타 항구 운영 중에 선박 계류에 대한 정상적인 조건이 생성되도록 파도로부터 수역을 보호하는 정도를 제공해야 합니다.

설계 결정은 새로운 포트를 설계하거나 기존 포트를 개발할 때 물리적 또는 수학적 모델링을 기반으로 합니다 [2]. 항구 수역에서 계산 된 물 흐름의 매개 변수는 수문 기상 조사, 장기 현장 관찰 및 실험실 연구의 결과를 기반으로 하도록 권장됩니다.

공학 수문 기상 측량 데이터가 불충분하면 계산 방법을 기반으로 설계 폭풍의 파도 매개 변수를 결정할 수 있습니다. 사용된 계산 방법이 국제 실무에서 동일한 목적으로 채택된 방법 (모델)에 부합하는지 표시하는 것이 좋습니다 [3].

Figure 1. Sketch map of the port Laozi on Lake Hongze
Figure 1. Sketch map of the port Laozi on Lake Hongze
Figure 2. The location of the port entrance on Lake Hongze: a – variant 1; b – variant 2; c – variants 3-5
Figure 2. The location of the port entrance on Lake Hongze: a – variant 1; b – variant 2; c – variants 3-5
Figure 3. Port water area plan
Figure 3. Port water area plan
Figure 4. Modeling of variant 1 with the movement of waves in the port water area
Figure 4. Modeling of variant 1 with the movement of waves in the port water area
Figure 5. Modeling of variant 2: a is prevailing movement of water towards the enclosed water area; b is prevailing reverse movement of water
Figure 5. Modeling of variant 2: a is prevailing movement of water towards the enclosed water area; b is prevailing reverse movement of water
Figure 6. Modeling of variant 3
Figure 6. Modeling of variant 3
Figure 7. Modeling of variant 4
Figure 7. Modeling of variant 4
Figure 8. Modeling of variant 5
Figure 8. Modeling of variant 5
Figure 9. Plan of the port water area with design points
Figure 9. Plan of the port water area with design points
Figure 10. Change in water depth at point A: a – variant 1; b – variant 2
Figure 10. Change in water depth at point A: a – variant 1; b – variant 2
Figure 11. Change in water depth at point A: a – variant 3; b – variant 4; c – variant 5
Figure 11. Change in water depth at point A: a – variant 3; b – variant 4; c – variant 5
Figure 12. Change in water depth at points A (a) and C (b) for variant 3
Figure 12. Change in water depth at points A (a) and C (b) for variant 3
Figure 13. Change in water depth at points A (a) and B (b) for variant 3
Figure 13. Change in water depth at points A (a) and B (b) for variant 3
Figure 14. Scheme of vessel traffic: a – variant 3; b – variant 4
Figure 14. Scheme of vessel traffic: a – variant 3; b – variant 4

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